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The 8 Parts of Speech

1. Nouns [ noun ] – 名词

A noun is a person, place or thing.

2. Pronouns [ proh-noun ] – 代词

A pronoun is a word that you use to refer to someone or something when you do not need to use a noun, often because the person or thing has been mentioned earlier. Examples are 'it', 'she', 'something', and 'myself'.

3. Verbs [ vurb z ] – 动词

A verb is a word such as 'sing', 'feel', or 'die' which is used with a subject to say what someone or something does or what happens to them, or to give information about them.

4. Adjectives [ aj-ik-tiv z ] – 形容词

An adjective is a word such as 'big', 'pretty', or 'smart' that describes a person or thing, or gives extra information about them. Adjectives usually come before nouns or after link verbs.

5. Adverbs [ ad-vurb s ] – 副词

An adverb is a word such as 'slowly', 'now', 'very', 'politically', or 'fortunately' which adds information about the action, event, or situation mentioned in a clause.

6. Prepositions [ prep-uhzishuh n ] – 介词

A preposition is a word such as 'by', 'for', 'into', or 'with' which usually has a noun group as its object.

7. Conjunctions [kuhn-juhngk-shuhn ] – 连词

In grammar, a conjunction is a word or group of words that joins together words, groups, or clauses. In English, there are coordinating conjunctions such as 'and' and 'but', and subordinating conjunctions such as 'although', 'because', and 'when'.

8. Interjections [in-ter-jek-shuh n] – 感叹词

In grammar, an interjection is a word or expression which you use to express a strong feeling such as surprise, pain, or horror.